info@softwarelicences.eu

Windows server is a Windows operating system for servers, dedicated to providing services to other computers. On the other hand, servers can be connected to other servers, services or users accessing from different devices, physical or in the cloud.

According to some sources, in 2019, around 70% of servers were running Windows as their OS. As expected, Windows dominates as the most used OS, not only on computers, but also on servers.

Minimum general hardware requirements for running Windows Server

Minimum processor:

  • 64-bit 1.4 GHz processor
  • x64 instruction set support
  • DEP and NX support
  • CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF and PrefetchW support
  • Supports second level address translation (EPT or NPT)

Minimum RAM:

  • 512 MB (2 GB for Server with Desktop Experience installation option).
  • ECC (error correcting code) type or similar technology for physical host deployments

One point that Microsoft makes regarding the minimum requirements is that the installation program may give us an error if a virtual machine has been created with the minimum hardware parameters required (1 core processor and 512MB of RAM) and then an attempt has been made to install it. To avoid this, we suggest one of the following actions:

  • Allocate more than 800MB of RAM to the virtual machine on which you want to install this version. When the installation program has completed, you can change the allocation back to 512 MB of RAM, depending on what the actual server configuration is. If you modified the boot image of the installer with additional languages and updates, you may need to allocate more than 800 MB of RAM to complete the installation.
  • Interrupt the boot process of this version on the virtual machine using the keyboard combination SHIFT+F10. At the command prompt that opens, use diskpart.exe to create an installation partition and format it. Run wpeutil createpagefile /path=C:\pf.sys (if the installation partition was created in C:\). Close the command prompt and continue with the installation program.

Minimum disk space and storage controller:

  • 32 GB

However, the system partition will require more space in these circumstances:

  • If the system is installed on a network.
  • Computers with more than 16 GB of RAM will require more disk space for paging, hibernation and dump files.

Minimum web adapter requirements:

  • Ethernet adapter with throughput of at least 1 gigabit per second.
  • Compatible with the PCI Express architecture specification.

A network adapter that supports network debugging (KDNet) is useful, but not a minimum requirement and a network adapter that supports the Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) is useful, but not a minimum requirement.

The following items are only required for certain features:

  • UEFI 2.3.1c-based system and firmware that supports secure boot.
  • Secure Platform Module
  • Graphics device and monitor supporting Super VGA (1024 x 768) or higher resolution
  • Microsoft keyboard and mouse (or other compatible pointing device)
  • Internet access (fees may apply)

These minimum hardware requirements are indicative and basic, and will depend on the particular version of Windows Server.

Versions of Windows Server

We have Windows Server Standard and Windows Server Datacenter.

Windows Server Standard

This version is perfect for small and medium-sized companies and organisations with a lower current use of virtualisation, but which are considering future expansion of the system.

Windows Server Datacenter

The Windows Server Datacenter version is designed for companies with large-scale virtualisation in data centre environments and significant compute and expansion needs.

Comparison of Windows Server editions

Windows Server 2016

Features available generally Windows Server 2016 Standard Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
Best Practices Analyzer Yes Yes
Direct Access Yes Yes
Dynamic Memory (in virtualization) Yes Yes
Hot Add/Replace RAM Yes Yes
Microsoft Management Console Yes Yes
Minimal Server Interface Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Server Core installation option Yes Yes
Nano Server installation option Yes Yes
Server Manager Yes Yes
SMB Direct and SMB over RDMA Yes Yes
Software-defined Networking No Yes
Storage Replica No Yes
Storage Spaces Yes Yes
Storage Spaces Direct No Yes
Volume Activation Services Yes Yes
VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) integration Yes Yes
Windows Server Update Services Yes Yes
Server license logging Yes Yes
Inherited activation As guest if hosted on Datacenter Can be host or guest
Work Folders Yes Yes

 

Windows Server Features available Windows Server 2016 Standard Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
.NET Framework 3.5 Yes Yes
.NET Framework 4.6 Yes Yes
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Yes Yes
BitLocker Drive Encryption Yes Yes
BitLocker Network Unlock Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
BranchCache Yes Yes
Client for NFS Yes Yes
Containers Yes (Windows containers unlimited; Hyper-V containers up to 2) Yes (all container types unlimited)
Data Center Bridging Yes Yes
Direct Play Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Enhanced Storage Yes Yes
Failover Clustering Yes Yes
Group Policy Management Yes Yes
Host Guardian Hyper-V Support No Yes
I/O Quality of Service Yes Yes
IIS Hostable Web Core Yes Yes
Internet Printing Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
IPAM Server Yes Yes
iSNS Server service Yes Yes
LPR Port Monitor Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Management OData IIS Extension Yes Yes
Media Foundation Yes Yes
Message Queueing Yes Yes
Multipath I/O Yes Yes
MultiPoint Connector Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Peer Name Resolution Protocol Yes Yes
Quality Windows Audio Video Experience Yes Yes
RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Assistance Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Differential Compression Yes Yes
RSAT Yes Yes
RPC over HTTP Proxy Yes Yes
Setup and Boot Event Collection Yes Yes
Simple TCP/IP Services Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support Yes Yes
SMB Bandwidth Limit Yes Yes
SMTP Server Yes Yes
SNMP Service Yes Yes
Software Load Balancer No Yes
Storage Replica No Yes
Telnet Client Yes Yes
TFTP Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management Yes Yes
WebDAV Redirector Yes Yes
Windows Biometric Framework Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Defender features Yes Yes
Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Internal Database Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Windows Process Activation Service Yes Yes
Windows Search Service Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Server Backup Yes Yes
Windows Server Migration Tools Yes Yes
Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Yes Yes
Windows TIFF IFilter Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
WinRM IIS Extension Yes Yes
WINS Server Yes Yes
Wireless LAN Service Yes Yes
WoW64 support Yes Yes
XPS Viewer Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience

Windows Server 2019

Features available generally Windows Server 2019 Standard Windows Server 2019 Datacenter
Best Practices Analyzer Yes Yes
Direct Access Yes Yes
Dynamic Memory (in virtualization) Yes Yes
Hot Add/Replace RAM Yes Yes
Microsoft Management Console Yes Yes
Minimal Server Interface Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Server Core installation option Yes Yes
Server Manager Yes Yes
SMB Direct and SMB over RDMA Yes Yes
Software-defined Networking No Yes
Storage Migration Service Yes Yes
Storage Replica Yes, (1 partnership and 1 resource group with a single 2TB volume) Yes, unlimited
Storage Spaces Yes Yes
Storage Spaces Direct No Yes
Volume Activation Services Yes Yes
VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) integration Yes Yes
Windows Server Update Services Yes Yes
Server license logging Yes Yes
Inherited activation As guest if hosted on Datacenter Can be a host or a guest
Work Folders Yes Yes

 

Windows Server Features available Windows Server 2019 Standard Windows Server 2019 Datacenter
.NET Framework 3.5 Yes Yes
.NET Framework 4.7 Yes Yes
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Yes Yes
BitLocker Drive Encryption Yes Yes
BitLocker Network Unlock Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
BranchCache Yes Yes
Client for NFS Yes Yes
Containers Yes (unlimited Windows containers; up to two Hyper-V containers) Yes (unlimited Windows and Hyper-V containers)
Data Center Bridging Yes Yes
Direct Play Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Enhanced Storage Yes Yes
Failover Clustering Yes Yes
Group Policy Management Yes Yes
Host Guardian Hyper-V Support No Yes
I/O Quality of Service Yes Yes
IIS Hostable Web Core Yes Yes
Internet Printing Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
IP Address Management (IPAM) Server Yes Yes
iSNS Server service Yes Yes
LPR Port Monitor Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Management OData IIS Extension Yes Yes
Media Foundation Yes Yes
Message Queueing Yes Yes
Multipath I/O Yes Yes
MultiPoint Connector Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Peer Name Resolution Protocol Yes Yes
Quality Windows Audio Video Experience Yes Yes
RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Assistance Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Differential Compression Yes Yes
Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) Yes Yes
RPC over HTTP Proxy Yes Yes
Setup and Boot Event Collection Yes Yes
Simple TCP/IP Services Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support Yes Yes
SMB Bandwidth Limit Yes Yes
SMTP Server Yes Yes
SNMP Service Yes Yes
Software Load Balancer Yes Yes
Storage Migration Service Yes Yes
Storage Migration Service Proxy Yes Yes
Storage Replica Yes Yes
System Data Archiver Yes Yes
System Insights Yes Yes
Telnet Client Yes Yes
TFTP Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management Yes Yes
WebDAV Redirector Yes Yes
Windows Biometric Framework Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Defender Antivirus Yes Yes
Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Internal Database Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Windows Process Activation Service Yes Yes
Windows Search Service Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Server Backup Yes Yes
Windows Server Migration Tools Yes Yes
Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Yes Yes
Windows Subsystem for Linux Yes Yes
Windows TIFF IFilter Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
WinRM IIS Extension Yes Yes
WINS Server Yes Yes
Wireless LAN Service Yes Yes
WoW64 Support Yes Yes
XPS Viewer Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience

Windows Server 2022

Features available generally Windows Server 2022 Standard Windows Server 2022 Datacenter
Azure Extended Network No No
Best Practices Analyzer Yes Yes
Containers Yes Yes
Direct Access Yes Yes
Dynamic Memory (in virtualization) Yes Yes
Hot Add/Replace RAM Yes Yes
Hotpatching No No
Microsoft Management Console Yes Yes
Minimal Server Interface Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Server Core installation option Yes Yes
Server Manager Yes Yes
SMB Direct and SMB over RDMA Yes Yes
SMB over QUIC No No
Software-defined Networking No Yes
Storage Migration Service Yes Yes
Storage Replica Yes, (1 partnership and 1 resource group with a single 2TB volume) Yes, unlimited
Storage Spaces Yes Yes
Storage Spaces Direct No Yes
Volume Activation Services Yes Yes
VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) integration Yes Yes
Windows Server Update Services Yes Yes
Server license logging Yes Yes
Inherited activation As guest if hosted on Datacenter Can be a host or a guest
Work Folders Yes Yes

 

Windows Server Features available Windows Server 2022 Standard Windows Server 2022 Datacenter
.NET Framework 3.5 Yes Yes
.NET Framework 4.8 Yes Yes
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Yes Yes
BitLocker Drive Encryption Yes Yes
BitLocker Network Unlock Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
BranchCache Yes Yes
Client for NFS Yes Yes
Containers Yes Yes
Data Center Bridging Yes Yes
Direct Play Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Enhanced Storage Yes Yes
Failover Clustering Yes Yes
Group Policy Management Yes Yes
Host Guardian Hyper-V Support No Yes
I/O Quality of Service Yes Yes
IIS Hostable Web Core Yes Yes
Internet Printing Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
IP Address Management (IPAM) Server Yes Yes
LPR Port Monitor Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Management OData IIS Extension Yes Yes
Media Foundation Yes Yes
Message Queueing Yes Yes
Microsoft Defender Antivirus Yes Yes
Multipath I/O Yes Yes
MultiPoint Connector Yes Yes
Network Load Balancing Yes Yes
Network Virtualization Yes Yes
Peer Name Resolution Protocol Yes Yes
Quality Windows Audio Video Experience Yes Yes
RAS Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Assistance Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Remote Differential Compression Yes Yes
Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) Yes Yes
RPC over HTTP Proxy Yes Yes
Setup and Boot Event Collection Yes Yes
Simple TCP/IP Services Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support Yes Yes
SMB Bandwidth Limit Yes Yes
SMTP Server Yes Yes
SNMP Service Yes Yes
Software Load Balancer Yes Yes
Storage Migration Service Yes Yes
Storage Migration Service Proxy Yes Yes
Storage Replica Yes Yes
System Data Archiver Yes Yes
System Insights Yes Yes
Telnet Client Yes Yes
TFTP Client Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management Yes Yes
WebDAV Redirector Yes Yes
Windows Biometric Framework Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Internal Database Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Yes Yes
Windows Process Activation Service Yes Yes
Windows Search Service Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
Windows Server Backup Yes Yes
Windows Server Migration Tools Yes Yes
Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Yes Yes
Windows Subsystem for Linux Yes Yes
Windows TIFF IFilter Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience Yes, when installed as Server with Desktop Experience
WinRM IIS Extension Yes Yes
WINS Server Yes Yes
Wireless LAN Service Yes Yes
WoW64 support Yes Yes
XPS Viewer Yes, installed with Server with Desktop Experience Yes, installed with Server with Desktop Experience

Windows Server licensing

Licensing by Core: How it works

To license servers with Windows Server, we can’t just buy a license, but Windows Server is licensed per physical core. We can buy these licenses in packs of 2 and 16 core.

Minimum licensing requirements:

  • All physical cores must be licensed
  • 8 core licenses per processor
  • 16 core licenses per server

With the following table, we are presented with different scenarios and it will be easier to see how many licenses we need to buy according to the number of cores and processors we need to license.

Windows server licensing

CAL licences for Windows Server

In addition to purchasing Windows Server Standard or Windows Server Datacenter, we will need to buy CAL licences, as many as the number of users/devices we need, depending on the case.

  • User CAL licences: with user licences, each worker will have a licence and will be able to access from any device they consider.
  • Device CAL licences: in this case, what we license are the devices; in other words, each device has a licence regardless of the number of people connected to it.

Depending on the number of users or devices that the company has, it will be more profitable to acquire one or another type of CAL licences.

RDS licences (Remote Desktop Service)

In addition to the CALs already mentioned, there is also the possibility of purchasing RDS licences, also differentiated between USER and DEVICE CALs. These licences are for remote work.

Microsoft Desktop Service allows users to connect to other devices remotely via the Internet. In addition to remote working, they are used to identify and monitor user experiences and to be able to test to solve technical problems more efficiently and quickly.

Buy cheap Windows server licenses

Buying Windows server licenses can be a big expense for companies, due to its price. A good option to save costs would be to buy used or semi-new licenses of this software.

It is essential to make sure of the legality of these second-hand licenses, since even though their resale is legal in the European Union (as long as a series of requirements are met), we must take several things into account.

You can see the requirements that used licences must meet for resale here.

At Cheapfy Licencia Software, you can buy cheap used Windows Server licenses and always accompanied by all the documentation required for them to be fully legal, getting a 100% functional software, with a single payment and for life.

We offer both Windows Server Standard and Windows Server Datacenter in any of its editions, as well as Windows Server CAL licenses and second-hand RDS licenses.

Do you have any questions? You can contact us, without obligation, to advise you on what you need.


Read post in Spanish.
Read post in French.

0
    0
    Shopping Cart
    Your shopping basket is emptyReturn to the shop